One of the most cerebral and enigmatic artists active since the mid-2000s, Lupe Fiasco is also among the more prominent artists in his field, as proven by Grammy recognition and several gold and platinum certifications. It took the rapper and producer a few years to gain traction, but his name has been well-known since his featured appearance on Kanye West‘s “Touch the Sky” (2005), a hit single that set him up for success with a career that has entailed seven albums, highlighted by the Top Ten releases Lupe Fiasco’s Food & Liquor (2007), the chart-topping Lasers (2011), and Food & Liquor II: The Great American Rap Album, Pt. 1 (2012). Although Lupe specializes in complex narratives and creative metaphorical verses, he hasn’t shied away from making singles with pop appeal, including the Top Tens “Superstar” and “The Show Goes On.” After a decade of oft-strained relations with major-label Atlantic, Lupe gained a newfound level of creative independence during the latter half of the 2010s, heard on the connected and expansive full-lengths Drogas Light (2017) and Drogas Wave (2018).
The Chicago-based MC, born Wasalu Muhammad Jaco, began rapping in junior high school and joined a group called da Pak several years later. The group signed to Epic, released one single, and split up, all before Lupe reached the age of 20. Thanks in part to the vocal support of Jay-Z, L.A. Reidsigned Lupe as a solo artist to Arista, but before anything of significance was able to happen — only a promo single and a couple guest appearances were set up — Reid was fired. Lupe eventually landed at Atlantic, another major label. Preceded by several mixtapes, an appearance on Kanye West‘s “Touch the Sky,” and his debut single “Kick, Push,” the album Food & Liquor was set to surface in early 2006, though an unfinished version leaked in the spring, which pushed its official release back to September. The album peaked at number eight on the Billboard 200 and earned the rapper three Grammy nominations. “Daydreamin’,” featuring Jill Scott, won the award for Best Urban/Alternative Performance. A highly conceptualized follow-up, The Cool, was released in December 2007. Led by “Superstar,” Lupe‘s first Top Ten and platinum single, it earned gold certification and led to four additional Grammy nominations.
Despite a track record of significant commercial success and acclaim, Lupe met a number of obstacles on the way to the release of his third album, Lasers. The process culminated in a petition signed by over 30,000 followers who demanded that Atlantic release the long-delayed album, which was followed by a fan protest outside the label’s New York City offices. Finally issued by Atlantic in March 2011, Laserstopped three charts: the Billboard 200, Hot R&B/Hip Hop Albums, and Hot Rap Albums. It was propelled by “The Show Must Go On” (which went Top Ten on the Hot 100) and “Out of My Head” (number 40 Hot 100; number 11 Hot R&B/Hip-Hop). Work on the MC’s fourth album, Food & Liquor II: The Great American Rap Album, Pt. 1, began while the third one was in pre-release limbo. Its development and September 2012 birth were relatively uncomplicated. Never one to evade controversy, Lupe received some backlash for “Around My Way (Freedom Ain’t Free),” due to its usage of Pete Rock & C.L. Smooth‘s 1992 classic “They Reminisce Over You (T.R.O.Y.),” and for “Bitch Bad,” criticized so firmly by Spin magazine that it prompted Lupe to call for a boycott of the publication. The album extended Lupe‘s Billboard Rap Albums-topping streak and produced another major hit single, “Battle Scars.”
A few non-album singles, including the Ed Sheerancollaboration “Old School Love,” were scattered across 2014 and 2015. Fifth full-length Tetsuo & Youth, inspired by Lupe‘s Chicago upbringing and loaded with punch lines, was a return to form and nearly topped the rap chart. For 2016, three albums were plotted for release. Though he was thwarted by what he referred to as “clearance and mixing issues,” Lupewas able to issue the singles “Pick Up the Phone” and “Made in the USA” during the year. That December, Lupe also uploaded a track, “N.E.R.D.,” which featured a line considered anti-Semitic by the Anti-Defamation League. The rapper defended himself and announced “I’m officially not releasing anymore music” on social media. Drogas Light, featuring appearances from Ty Dolla $ign, Big K.R.I.T., and Rick Ross, nonetheless landed the following February as his first independently issued album via Thirty Tigers. Drogas Wave, inspired in part by a story about Africans who jumped from a slave ship, adapted to living underwater, and sunk other ships for the sake of freedom, arrived in September 2018. In June 2019, Fiasco issued the previously unreleased single “Run Game.” Recorded in 2006, the track was the first entry in a compilation project, Chill’s Spotlight, curated by the rapper’s 1st & 15th label co-founder Charles “Chill” Patton.